Recycling End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV)
In 2011, France put 2.2 million vehicles into circulation.
Each year, close to 1.5 million tons of vehicles reach their end-of-life, which amounts to the same volume of waste.
According to the ADEME (agency for the environment and energy management), the current figures for the recycling and recovery of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV) stand at about 81%, but the European ELV directive has set that objective at 95% by 2015.
France has about 1500 wrecking yards and 50 authorized crushers, which is enough to deal with all its ELV needs.
To begin with, the vehicles are cleaned: liquid waste and hazardous objects (brake fluid, coolant, oils, batteries…) are extracted and sent to their specific recycling branches.
Parts meant for re-use (lights, blinkers, engine, radiator, starter, hood, wings, doors…) are dismantled and stored for future sale.
The body and non recyclable parts (ferrous and non-ferrous metals, plastics, glass, rubber…) are ground for recovery or land-filling.
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